Anticonvulsants may reduce the self-mutilation of acquired sensory neuropathy, and one-report described sensory neuropathy in an older patient with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. We performed nerve and muscle biopsies on four patients with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome and initiated an uncontrolled pilot trial to see if carbamazepine would reduce the self-mutilation in these patients. All of the boys had clinical features typical of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, and the diagnosis was confirmed in each by enzyme analysis. No specific abnormalities were identified in either nerve or muscle. Nevertheless, self- mutilation and the need for constant restraint diminished in all four patients, though in one the effect was only transient. Two patients had increased self-mutilation when carbamazepine was stopped, then improved a second time when treatment was restarted. Sensory neuropathy was not continued, so any effect of carbamazepine is likely to be on the central nervous system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology