Carbon nanotube coating improves neuronal recordings

Edward W. Keefer, Barry R. Botterman, Mario I. Romero, Andrew F. Rossi, Guenter W. Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

469 Scopus citations


Implanting electrical devices in the nervous system to treat neural diseases is becoming very common. The success of these brain-machine interfaces depends on the electrodes that come into contact with the neural tissue. Here we show that conventional tungsten and stainless steel wire electrodes can be coated with carbon nanotubes using electrochemical techniques under ambient conditions. The carbon nanotube coating enhanced both recording and electrical stimulation of neurons in culture, rats and monkeys by decreasing the electrode impedance and increasing charge transfer. Carbon nanotube-coated electrodes are expected to improve current electrophysiological techniques and to facilitate the development of long-lasting brain-machine interface devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)434-439
Number of pages6
JournalNature Nanotechnology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Keefer, E. W., Botterman, B. R., Romero, M. I., Rossi, A. F., & Gross, G. W. (2008). Carbon nanotube coating improves neuronal recordings. Nature Nanotechnology, 3(7), 434-439.