Carboxyl-terminal domains in the avian β1-adrenergic receptor that regulate agonist-promoted endocytosis

E. M. Parker, P. Swigart, M. H. Nunnally, J. P. Perkins, E. M. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Most G protein-coupled receptors, including the mammalian β2-adrenergic receptor, are endocytosed to an intracellular, vesicular compartment upon continued exposure to agonist. The long form of the avian β1-adrenergic receptor, which contains a carboxyl-terminal 59-amino acid extension, does not undergo agonist-promoted endocytosis. We constructed and expressed turkey β1-adrenergic receptor cDNAs with regularly spaced carboxyl-terminal truncations and studied their agonist-promoted endocytosis. Removal of 34-86 amino acids from the carboxyl terminus of the turkey receptor allowed its efficient endocytosis, with optimal endocytosis observed upon removal of 59 residues. Removal of only 18 residues allowed some endocytosis. A receptor that lacks the entire carboxyl-terminal region (124 residues) was not endocytosed. We also constructed a chimeric hamster β2-adrenergic receptor with the added 59-residue carboxyl-terminal domain of the turkey receptor. The chimera was not significantly endocytosed. These data indicate that residues 450-465 in the carboxyl-terminal region of the β2-adrenergic receptor can act independently to block agonist-promoted endocytosis and that other carboxyl-terminal structures nearer to the seventh membrane span are required for endocytosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6482-6487
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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