Carcinogenesis or tumourigenicity testing of animal cell lines for vaccine preparation by colony formation on soft agar and by agglutination under plant lectins

De Li Zhang, Shang Gao Liu, Long Fei Yan, Liu Jin Li, Gao Sheng Huang, Fu De Fang, Geng Tian Xia, Xu Yu He, Bu Xian Gao, Xiao Hong Bai, Wei Wang, Pei Guo Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


The carcinogenic or tumourigenic testing of seven animal kidney cell lines (F-81, CRFK, MDCK, Vero, Vero-2 cell line, MA-104 and BHK-21) established in China, were carried out in more than 700 nude mice for colony formation in soft agar and for agglutination under different density of plant lectins. Tests showed that there were correlation between cell line chromosome number variations and anchorage independence in soft agar, agglutinability under lectins and tumour-forming ability in nude mice. Since testing in vitro was more economical, simpler and faster and thus thought to be more reliable, we recommend measuring agglutinability, followed by anchorage independence or analysis of karyotype as the initial means for monitoring tumourigenicity of animal cell lines in nude mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)997-1002
Number of pages6
JournalCell Biology International
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2001



  • Agglutination
  • Carcinogenesis
  • Kidney cell lines
  • Plant lectins
  • Soft agar
  • Tumourigenicity
  • Vaccines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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