Cardiac gene expression and function in a mouse model of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus sepsis: Role of inflammatory caspases 1 and 11

Janet R. Hume, Yuan Zhang, Lei Zhang, Marnie Peterson, Deborah L. Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

Abstract

Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is an important cause of invasive infections, including sepsis associated with myocardial dysfunction. Caspases 1 and 11, involved in activation of the inflammasome, have been shown to be critical in response to sepsis as well as myocardial dysfunction of numerous etiologies. We examined the survival, myocardial function, and production of inflammatory mediators in mice lacking caspases 1 and 11. Cas 1/11 KO mice demonstrated no significant difference in mortality or in cardiac shortening fraction relative to control mice. Cas 1/11 KO mice had significantly reduced upregulation of expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 in the heart relative to control mice after CA-MRSA infection, as well as reduced serum production of IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6, with no difference in IL-10 production. Other inflammatory mediators beyond IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6 may be involved in myocardial dysfunction in CA-MRSA sepsis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEuropean Journal of Inflammation
Volume17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • cardiomyopathy
  • caspase 1
  • caspase 11
  • inflammasome
  • sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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