Cardiorespiratory fitness in survivors of cervical, endometrial, and ovarian cancers: The Cooper Center Longitudinal Study

Amanda B. Peel, Carolyn E. Barlow, David Leonard, Laura F. DeFina, Lee W. Jones, Susan G. Lakoski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), a strong predictor of mortality, is impaired among cancer patients. There is limited data, however, regarding CRF levels in women diagnosed with gynecologic cancers. Methods We compared CRF among ovarian, endometrial, and cervical cancer cases (n = 89) to age-matched controls (n = 89) in the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study (CCLS). CRF was evaluated by a maximal treadmill exercise tolerance test using a modified-Balke protocol. Conditional logistic regression was used to test for case-control differences in cardiorespiratory fitness, after controlling for age and body mass index, and adhering to the matched pairs design. Results The mean ages of cancer cases and controls were 50.9 years and 51.1 years, respectively (p = 0.81). Peak METs (1 MET = 3.5 mL kg<sup>- 1</sup> min<sup>- 1</sup>) were 9.2 ± 2.0 in cancer cases compared to 10.0 ± 2.2 in controls (p = 0.03). When stratifying by type of cancer, peak METs were 8.9 ± 2.2, 8.4 ± 1.9, 9.5 ± 2.0 for patients with ovarian, endometrial, and cervical cancer, respectively. A gynecological cancer diagnosis was associated with greater odds of having 1-MET lower CRF compared to controls (OR 1.31, 95% CI: 1.05-1.64, p = 0.018), after controlling for age and BMI. Conclusion Gynecologic cancer survivors were more likely to have a 1-MET lower CRF than controls. Given a 1-MET change in CRF is associated with a significant, we advocate for more robust research regarding CRF in gynecologic cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)394-397
Number of pages4
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume138
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cardiorespiratory fitness
  • Cervical cancer
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Gynecologic cancer
  • Ovarian cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Oncology

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