B-mode ultrasonographic (US) angiography enhanced with a microbubble-based US contrast agent (FS069) was evaluated in human subjects with carotid artery disease. Results at contrast material-enhanced US angiography and duplex US were compared with those at conventional angiography. Both US angiography and duplex US accurately depicted stenoses of 70% or more compared with those depicted at conventional angiography. The percentage diameter stenosis of the internal carotid artery measured at US angiography strongly correlated with that measured at conventional angiography (r = 0.988). The percentage area stenosis measured at US angiography strongly correlated with ex vivo measurements of the resected carotid plaque at magnetic resonance imaging (r = 0.979). US angiography depicted unsuspected wall irregularities, ulceration, and dissection.
- Carotid arteries, US
- Carotid arteries, stenosis or obstruction
- Ultrasound (US), contrast media
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging