Catalytic site of rat liver and bovine heart fructose-6-phosphate,2-kinase:fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase. Identification of fructose 6-phosphate binding site

K. Kitamura, K. Uyeda, F. C. Hartman, K. Kanagawa, H. Matsuo

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13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fructose-6-P binding sites of rat liver and bovine heart Fru-6-P,2-kinase:Fru-2,6-bisphosphatase were investigated with an affinity labeling reagent, N-bromoacetylethanolamine phosphate. The rat liver enzyme was inactivated 97% by the reagent in 60 min, and the rate of inactivation followed pseudo-first order kinetics. The bovine heart enzyme was inactivated 90% within 60 min, but the inactivation rate followed pseudo-first order up to 80% inactivation and then became nonlinear. The presence of fructose-6-P retarded the extent of the inactivation of approximately 40% in 60 min. In order to determine the amino acid sequence of the fructose-6-P binding site, both enzymes were reacted with N-bromo[14C]acetylethanolamine-P and digested with trypsin; radiolabeled tryptic peptides were isolated and sequenced. A single 14C-labeled peptide was isolated from the rat liver enzyme, and the amino acid sequence of the peptide was determined as Lys-Gln-Cys-Ala-Leu-Ala-Ala-Leu-Lys. A major and two minor peptides were isolated from bovine heart enzyme whose amino acid sequences were Lys-Gln-Cys-Ala-Leu-Val-Ala-Leu-Lys, Arg-Ile-Glu-Cys-Tyr-Lys, and Ile-Glu-Cys-Tyr-Lys, respectively. In all cases, N-bromoacetylethanolamine-P had alkylated the cysteine residues. The amount of bromo[14C]acetylethanolamine-P incorporated into rat liver and beef heart was 1.3 mol/mol of subunit and 2.1 mol/mol of subunit, respectively, and the incorporations in the presence of Fru-6-P were reduced to 0.34 mol/mol of subunit and 0.9 mol/mol of subunit, respectively. Thus, the main fructose-6-P binding site of rat liver and bovine heart enzymes was identical except for a single amino acid substitution of valine for alanine in the latter enzyme. This peptide corresponded to residues 105 to 113 from the N terminus of the known amino acid sequence of rat liver enzyme, but since the complete sequence of bovine heart enzyme is not known, the location of the same peptide in the heart enzyme cannot be assigned.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6344-6348
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume264
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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