Cataract Surgery in Children from Birth to Less than 13 Years of Age: Baseline Characteristics of the Cohort

Michael X. Repka, Trevano W. Dean, Elizabeth L. Lazar, Kimberly G. Yen, Phoebe D. Lenhart, Sharon F. Freedman, Denise Hug, Bahram Rahmani, Serena X. Wang, Raymond T. Kraker, David K. Wallace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To describe baseline characteristics, initial postoperative refractive errors, operative complications, and magnitude of the intraocular lens (IOL) prediction error for refractive outcome in children undergoing lensectomy largely in North America. Design Prospective registry study of children from birth to <13 years of age who underwent lensectomy for any reason within 45 days preceding enrollment. Participants Total of 1266 eyes of 994 children; 49% female and 59% white. Methods Measurement of refractive error, axial length, and complete ophthalmic examination. Main Outcome Measures Eye and systemic associated conditions, IOL style, refractive error, pseudophakic refraction prediction error, operative and perioperative complications. Results Mean age at first eligible lens surgery was 4.2 years; 337 (34%) were <1 year of age. Unilateral surgery was performed in 584 children (59%). Additional ocular abnormalities were noted in 301 eyes (24%). An IOL was placed in 35 of 460 eyes (8%) when surgery was performed before 1 year of age, in 70 of 90 eyes (78%) from 1 to <2 years of age, and in 645 of 716 eyes (90%) from 2 to <13 years of age. The odds of IOL implantation were greater in children ≥2 years of age than in those <2 years of age (odds ratio = 29.1; P < 0.001; 95% confidence interval: 19.6–43.3). Intraoperative complications were reported for 69 eyes (5%), with the most common being unplanned posterior capsule rupture in 14 eyes, 10 of which had an IOL placed. Prediction error of the implanted IOL was <1.00 diopter in 54% of eyes, but >2.00 diopters in 15% of eyes. Conclusions Lensectomy surgery was performed throughout childhood, with about two-thirds of cases performed after 1 year of age. Initial surgery seemed safe, with a low complication rate. IOL placement was nearly universal in children 2 years of age and older. The immediate postoperative refraction was within 1 diopter of the target for about one-half of eyes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2462-2473
Number of pages12
JournalOphthalmology
Volume123
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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    Repka, M. X., Dean, T. W., Lazar, E. L., Yen, K. G., Lenhart, P. D., Freedman, S. F., Hug, D., Rahmani, B., Wang, S. X., Kraker, R. T., & Wallace, D. K. (2016). Cataract Surgery in Children from Birth to Less than 13 Years of Age: Baseline Characteristics of the Cohort. Ophthalmology, 123(12), 2462-2473. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2016.09.003