Background: The en bloc resection of inferior vena cava (IVC) leiomyosarcoma often necessitates IVC reconstruction. The objective of this study is to examine outcomes after IVC reconstruction and determine optimal graft sizing. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of all IVC reconstructions after IVC leiomyosarcoma resection at a single institution. Cross-sectional dimensions at the IVC resection margins were measured on preoperative imaging. The tumor location was based on the most superiorly involved region of the IVC and was classified as infrarenal, between hepatic and renal veins, or superior to the hepatic veins. Perioperative details and long-term outcomes including graft sizing, graft patency, morbidity, and mortality were recorded. Results: Between 2007 and 2017, 12 patients (6 females, mean age: 64.5 years, age range: 46–80 years) underwent IVC leiomyosarcoma resection and reconstruction. All reconstructions were performed with ringed polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE); graft sizes ranged from 12 mm to 16 mm. The tumor location was exclusively infrarenal in seven patients, between the renal and hepatic veins in two patients, and involved multiple segments in three patients. Larger graft sizes were utilized in reconstructing more superior segments of the IVC. Grafts were typically undersized and based on the diameter of the superior resection margin with 12 mm grafts approximately correlating to a 20 mm diameter, 14 mm to 25 mm, and 16 mm to 30 mm. The average undersizing ratio was 0.6. At a mean follow-up time of 43 ± 27 months, radiographic graft patency was 92%, overall survival was 83%, and disease-free survival was 25%. Conclusions: After en bloc resection of IVC leiomyosarcoma, caval reconstruction with an undersized ringed PTFE has acceptable patency. Grafts sizes should be based on the IVC diameter superior to the tumor and undersizing by approximately 40% appears to be associated with acceptable patency rates. Further multiinstitutional studies should be performed to best determine the optimal treatment of this rarely encountered tumor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine