Onboard cone-beam CT (CBCT) has been widely used in image guided radiation therapy. However, the longitudinal coverage is only 15.5 cm in the pelvis scan mode. As a result, a single CBCT scan cannot cover the planning target volume in the longitudinal direction for over 80% of the patients. The common approach is to use double- or multiple-circular scans and then combine multiple CBCT volumes after reconstruction. However it raises concerns regarding doubled imaging dose at the imaging beam junctions due to beam divergence. In this work, we present a new method, DSCS (Dual Scan with Complementary Shifts), to address the CBCT coverage problem using a pair of complementary circular scans. In DSCS, two circular scans were performed at 39.5 cm apart longitudinally. In the superior scan, the detector panel was offset by 16 cm to the left, 15 cm to the inferior. In the inferior scan, the detector panel was shifted 16 cm to the right and 15 cm to the superior. The effective imaging volume is 39.5 cm longitudinally with a 45 cm lateral field-of-view (FOV). Half beam blocks were used to confine the imaging radiation inside the volume of interest. A new image reconstruction algorithm was developed, based on the Feldkamp-Davis-Kress cone-beam CT reconstruction algorithm, to support the DSCS scanning geometry. Digital phantom simulations were performed to demonstrate the feasibility of DSCS. Physical phantom studies were performed using an anthropomorphic phantom on a commercial onboard CBCT system. With basic scattering corrections, the reconstruction results were acceptable. Other issues, including the discrepancy in couch vertical at different couch longitudinal positions, and the inaccuracy in couch table longitudinal movement, were manually corrected during the reconstruction process. In conclusion, the phantom studies showed that, using DSCS, a 39.5 cm longitudinal coverage with a 45 cm FOV was accomplished. The efficiency of imaging dose usage was near 100%. This proposed method could be potentially useful for image guidance and subsequent treatment plan adaptation.
- Computed tomography
- Image guided radiotherapy
- Image reconstruction
- Radiation therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging