CD8+ T-cells count in acute myocardial infarction in HIV disease in a predominantly male cohort

Oluwatosin A. Badejo, Chung Chou Chang, Kaku A. So-Armah, Russell P. Tracy, Jason V. Baker, David Rimland, Adeel A. Butt, Adam J. Gordon, Charles R. Rinaldo, Kevin Kraemer, Jeffrey H. Samet, Hilary A. Tindle, Matthew B. Goetz, Maria C. Rodriguez-Barradas, Roger Bedimo, Cynthia L. Gibert, David A. Leaf, Lewis H. Kuller, Steven G. Deeks, Amy C. JusticeMatthew S. Freiberg

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10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human Immunodeficiency Virus- (HIV-) infected persons have a higher risk for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) than HIV-uninfected persons. Earlier studies suggest that HIV viral load, CD4+ T-cell count, and antiretroviral therapy are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Whether CD8+ T-cell count is associated with CVD risk is not clear. We investigated the association between CD8+ T-cell count and incident AMI in a cohort of 73,398 people (of which 97.3% were men) enrolled in the U.S. Veterans Aging Cohort Study-Virtual Cohort (VACS-VC). Compared to uninfected people, HIV-infected people with high baseline CD8+ T-cell counts (>1065 cells/mm3) had increased AMI risk (adjusted HR=1.82, P<0.001, 95% CI: 1.46 to 2.28). There was evidence that the effect of CD8+ T-cell tertiles on AMI risk differed by CD4+ T-cell level: compared to uninfected people, HIV-infected people with CD4+ T-cell counts ≥200 cells/mm3 had increased AMI risk with high CD8+ T-cell count, while those with CD4+ T-cell counts <200 cells/mm3 had increased AMI risk with low CD8+ T-cell count. CD8+ T-cell counts may add additional AMI risk stratification information beyond that provided by CD4+ T-cell counts alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number246870
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2015
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 19 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

Badejo, O. A., Chang, C. C., So-Armah, K. A., Tracy, R. P., Baker, J. V., Rimland, D., Butt, A. A., Gordon, A. J., Rinaldo, C. R., Kraemer, K., Samet, J. H., Tindle, H. A., Goetz, M. B., Rodriguez-Barradas, M. C., Bedimo, R., Gibert, C. L., Leaf, D. A., Kuller, L. H., Deeks, S. G., ... Freiberg, M. S. (2015). CD8+ T-cells count in acute myocardial infarction in HIV disease in a predominantly male cohort. BioMed Research International, 2015, [246870]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/246870