Eighty-five infants and children were prospectively randomized to receive cefotaxime or ampicillin and chloramphenicol for therapy of bacterial meningitis. The two therapy groups of patients were comparable as to sex, age, clinical status on admission, prior administration of antibiotics and etiology. Three infants (7%) died in each therapy group. Mean number of days of positive cerebrospinal fluid cultures, time to defervescence and duration of treatment and of hospital stay and complications developing during treatment were similar for the two treatment regimens. Median cerebrospinal fluid bactericidal titers against the patients’ pathogens in cefotaxime-treated patients (1:64) were larger than those in patients who received conventional therapy (1:8). Mild to moderate motor sequelae were more frequent in those given conventional therapy at the time of discharge only, and not at 4 months or longer of follow-up. We conclude that cefotaxime has similar efficacy when compared with conventional therapy for the management of bacterial meningitis in pediatric patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Microbiology (medical)