The G1 blocks in three temperature-sensitive (ts) Syrian hamster cell-cycle mutants have been mapped in relation to other G1 landmarks. Two mutants reported here, ts-559 and ts-694, show defective progression only in G1. When shifted from the permissive temperature of 33 °C to the non-permissive temperature of 39 °C, G1 cells of these two mutants show no further cell cycle progression, while cells in S, G2 and mitosis progress through the cell cycle but become blocked after entering G1. The two mutants complement each other, and also complement the previously reported mutant ts-550C with blocks in both G1 and G2 of the cell cycle. The locations of the G1 blocks in both ts-559 and ts-694 are before the hydroxyurea arrest point. The G1 ts point in ts-694 is prior to the isoleucine deprivation and serum starvation points, while the G1 block in ts-559 is after the serum starvation point but before the isoleucine block. Other G1 block points which have been reported are in mutants of different species and isolated in different laboratories, causing difficulties for relative positioning of the blocks in G1. The mutants for mapping in this study have been isolated from the same cell line. The G1 ts arrest points of ts-559 and ts-694, and that found in ts-550C, together with nutritional deprivations and metabolic inhibitors, provide seven reference points which divide G1 into six segments, each of which is bracketed by two adjacent points: mitosis, ts-694 block, serum starvation arrest point, ts-559 block, isoleucine deprivation arrest point, ts-550C block, hydroxyurea or excess-thymidine arrest segment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology