A factor required for spreading of substratum-attached baby hamster kidney cells (BHK), Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, HeLa cells, and L cells has been isolated and purified from fetal calf serum. A similar factor has also been found in calf, porcine, human, rabbit, and chicken sera. The spreading factor was active when adsorbed to the substratum and prior adsorption of other proteins prevented cell spreading, regardless of the addition of spreading factor or unfractionated serum to the incubation medium. Antibody against the fetal calf spreading factor inhibited the spreading activity associated with unfractionated fetal calf serum and also the spreading activity associated with calf serum and porcine serum. In model system studies it was found that antibody against BHK cell surfaces induced cell spreading when the antibody was adsorbed to the substratum; when it was present in the incubation medium as well as on the substratum, cell spreading was not observed. The data are discussed in terms of the hypothesis that there is a specific serum factor which adsorbs to the substratum surface and is thereby activated, and which then forms the target for certain cell surface receptors. Interaction between adsorbed-activated factor and cell surface receptors leads to cell spreading.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology