Centripetal cholesterol flow from the extrahepatic organs through the liver is normal in mice with mutated Niemann-Pick type C protein (NPC1)

C. Xie, S. D. Turley, J. M. Dietschy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) protein functions to move unesterified cholesterol from the lysosomal compartment to other intracellular sites for further metabolism and/or excretion. This cholesterol is brought into the cell through the coated-pit pathway and accumulates in the lysosomes when NPC protein is mutated. The present study quantitated the alternative uptake process that brings cholesterol into the cell through the scavenger receptor, class B, type I (SR-BI) pathway in animals with this mutation. In homozygous NPC mice, the tissues of the extrahepatic compartment accumulated an excess of 14 mg of cholesterol each day per kg body weight, and synthesis increased by a similar amount (to 111 mg/day per kg) to compensate for this functional loss of sterol through lysosomal sequestration. An amount of cholesterol (108 mg/day per kg) nearly equal to that synthesized in the extrahepatic compartment was carried through the circulation by high density lipoprotein (HDL) and taken up by the liver. The rate of hepatic cholesterol excretion from the NPC mice as fecal acidic (65 mg/day per kg) and neutral (85 mg/day per kg) sterols was elevated 61% above control values and was accounted for by the total amount of cholesterol brought to the liver in HDL and synthesized in the hepatocytes. These studies demonstrated that while cholesterol entering tissues of the NPC animals through the coated-pit pathway became sequestered in the lysosomal compartment and was metabolically inactive, cholesterol that was newly synthesized or that entered cells through the SR-BI pathway was metabolized and excreted normally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1278-1289
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume41
Issue number8
StatePublished - Sep 13 2000

Keywords

  • Coated pit
  • High density lipoprotein
  • Low density lipoprotein receptor
  • Lysosome
  • Niemann-Pick type C disease
  • Scavenger receptor BI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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