Centripetal cholesterol flux to the liver is dictated by events in the peripheral organs and not by the plasma high density lipoprotein or apolipoprotein A-I concentration

Christopher D. Jolley, Laura A. Woollett, Stephen D. Turley, John M. Dietschy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

The major net flux of cholesterol in the intact animal or human is from the peripheral organs to the liver. This flux is made up of cholesterol that is either synthesized in these peripheral tissues or taken up as lipoprotein cholesterol. This study investigates whether it is the concentration of apolipoprotein (apo) A-I or high density lipoprotein in the plasma that determines the magnitude of this flux or, alternatively, whether events within the peripheral cells them' selves regulate this important process. In mice that lack apoA-I and have very low concentrations of circulating high density lipoprotein, it was found that there was no accumulation of cholesterol in any peripheral organ so that the mean sterol concentration in these tissues was the same (2208 ± 29 mg/kg body weight) as in control mice (2176 ± 50 mg/kg). Furthermore, by measuring the rates of net cholesterol acquisition in the peripheral organs from de novo synthesis and uptake of low density lipoprotein, it was demonstrated that the magnitude of centripetal sterol movement from the peripheral organs to the liver was virtually identical in control animals (78 ± 5 mg/day per kg) and in those lacking apoA-I (72 ± 4 mg/day per kg). These studies indicate that the magnitude of net sterol flux through the body is not related to the concentration of high density lipoprotein or apolipoprotein A-I in the plasma, but is probably determined by intracellular processes in the peripheral organs that dictate the rate of movement of cholesterol from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2143-2149
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume39
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1998

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Caveolae
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi
  • Liver
  • Low density lipoprotein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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