Centromere orientation, reorientation, and segregation in an interchange quadrivalent during anther development in pearl millet

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Abstract

Prometaphase I orientation, reorientation and anaphase I segregational behaviour of a chain-forming interchange quadrivalent involving one of the long chromosomes and the long arm of the seventh (nucleolar) chromosome was studied during anther development in pearl millet. The data obtained from 34 anthers showed that by early prometaphase I about 90% of the bivalents have attained stable bipolar orientation but about 48% of the quadrivalents are mal-oriented. There seems to be an interaction between bivalents and quadrivalents during mal-orientation and reorientation. The mal-oriented bivalents reoriented before the quadrivalents. For quadrivalent mal-orientation four types, 4/0, 3/1, 2/1/1/1 and 2/2 (adjacent 1), were distinguished in addition to the "regular" types, adjacent 2 and alternate. Based on their potential to reorient, the order of the mal-oriented quadrivalent types was 4/0 > 3/1 > 2/1/1; 2/2 led to anaphase I disjunction as for an adjacent 1 segregation. The data from 36 anthers at anaphase I showed alternate segregation of chromosomes in nearly 50% of pollen mother cells (PMCs) up to a developmental index of about 65. In late anthers about 35% PMCs showed alternate segregation. This suggests that the PMCs that reached metaphase I later had more adjacent 2 orientations since mal-oriented configurations delay meiotic development, and implies preferential reorientation behaviour of the maloriented quadrivalent types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-102
Number of pages9
JournalChromosoma
Volume90
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1984

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Pennisetum
Anaphase
Centromere
Pollen
Prometaphase
Stem Cells
Chromosomes
Chromosome Segregation
Metaphase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Centromere orientation, reorientation, and segregation in an interchange quadrivalent during anther development in pearl millet",
abstract = "Prometaphase I orientation, reorientation and anaphase I segregational behaviour of a chain-forming interchange quadrivalent involving one of the long chromosomes and the long arm of the seventh (nucleolar) chromosome was studied during anther development in pearl millet. The data obtained from 34 anthers showed that by early prometaphase I about 90{\%} of the bivalents have attained stable bipolar orientation but about 48{\%} of the quadrivalents are mal-oriented. There seems to be an interaction between bivalents and quadrivalents during mal-orientation and reorientation. The mal-oriented bivalents reoriented before the quadrivalents. For quadrivalent mal-orientation four types, 4/0, 3/1, 2/1/1/1 and 2/2 (adjacent 1), were distinguished in addition to the {"}regular{"} types, adjacent 2 and alternate. Based on their potential to reorient, the order of the mal-oriented quadrivalent types was 4/0 > 3/1 > 2/1/1; 2/2 led to anaphase I disjunction as for an adjacent 1 segregation. The data from 36 anthers at anaphase I showed alternate segregation of chromosomes in nearly 50{\%} of pollen mother cells (PMCs) up to a developmental index of about 65. In late anthers about 35{\%} PMCs showed alternate segregation. This suggests that the PMCs that reached metaphase I later had more adjacent 2 orientations since mal-oriented configurations delay meiotic development, and implies preferential reorientation behaviour of the maloriented quadrivalent types.",
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N2 - Prometaphase I orientation, reorientation and anaphase I segregational behaviour of a chain-forming interchange quadrivalent involving one of the long chromosomes and the long arm of the seventh (nucleolar) chromosome was studied during anther development in pearl millet. The data obtained from 34 anthers showed that by early prometaphase I about 90% of the bivalents have attained stable bipolar orientation but about 48% of the quadrivalents are mal-oriented. There seems to be an interaction between bivalents and quadrivalents during mal-orientation and reorientation. The mal-oriented bivalents reoriented before the quadrivalents. For quadrivalent mal-orientation four types, 4/0, 3/1, 2/1/1/1 and 2/2 (adjacent 1), were distinguished in addition to the "regular" types, adjacent 2 and alternate. Based on their potential to reorient, the order of the mal-oriented quadrivalent types was 4/0 > 3/1 > 2/1/1; 2/2 led to anaphase I disjunction as for an adjacent 1 segregation. The data from 36 anthers at anaphase I showed alternate segregation of chromosomes in nearly 50% of pollen mother cells (PMCs) up to a developmental index of about 65. In late anthers about 35% PMCs showed alternate segregation. This suggests that the PMCs that reached metaphase I later had more adjacent 2 orientations since mal-oriented configurations delay meiotic development, and implies preferential reorientation behaviour of the maloriented quadrivalent types.

AB - Prometaphase I orientation, reorientation and anaphase I segregational behaviour of a chain-forming interchange quadrivalent involving one of the long chromosomes and the long arm of the seventh (nucleolar) chromosome was studied during anther development in pearl millet. The data obtained from 34 anthers showed that by early prometaphase I about 90% of the bivalents have attained stable bipolar orientation but about 48% of the quadrivalents are mal-oriented. There seems to be an interaction between bivalents and quadrivalents during mal-orientation and reorientation. The mal-oriented bivalents reoriented before the quadrivalents. For quadrivalent mal-orientation four types, 4/0, 3/1, 2/1/1/1 and 2/2 (adjacent 1), were distinguished in addition to the "regular" types, adjacent 2 and alternate. Based on their potential to reorient, the order of the mal-oriented quadrivalent types was 4/0 > 3/1 > 2/1/1; 2/2 led to anaphase I disjunction as for an adjacent 1 segregation. The data from 36 anthers at anaphase I showed alternate segregation of chromosomes in nearly 50% of pollen mother cells (PMCs) up to a developmental index of about 65. In late anthers about 35% PMCs showed alternate segregation. This suggests that the PMCs that reached metaphase I later had more adjacent 2 orientations since mal-oriented configurations delay meiotic development, and implies preferential reorientation behaviour of the maloriented quadrivalent types.

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