Cerebral blood flow quantification in swine using pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling

Megan E. Johnston, Zhenlin Zheng, Joseph A Maldjian, Christopher T. Whitlow, Michael J. Morykwas, Youngkyoo Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Purpose To develop quantitative cerebral blood flow (CBF) imaging using pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (PCASL) in swine, accounting for their cerebrovascular anatomy and physiology. Materials and Methods Five domestic pigs (2.5-3 months, 25 kg) were used in these studies. The orientation of the labeled arteries, T1bl, M0bl, and T1gm were measured in swine. Labeling parameters were tuned with respect to blood velocity to optimize labeling efficiency based on the data collected from three subjects. Finally, CBF and arterial transit time (ATT) maps for two subjects were created from PCASL data to determine global averages. Results The average labeling efficiency over measured velocities of 5-18 cm/s was 0.930. The average T1bl was 1546 ms, the average T1gm was 1224 ms, and the average blood-to-white matter ratio of M0 was 1.25, which was used to find M0bl. The global averages over the subjects were 54.05 mL/100 g tissue/min CBF and 1261 ms ATT. Conclusion This study demonstrates the feasibility of PCASL for CBF quantification in swine. Quantification of CBF using PCASL in swine can be further developed as an accessible and cost-effective model of human cerebral perfusion for investigating injuries that affect blood flow. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013;38:1111-1118. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1111-1118
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2013


  • animal model
  • arterial transit time
  • cerebral blood flow
  • perfusion
  • pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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