Cerebral Vasculopathies

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Here we review rare cerebral vasculopathies associated with either monogenic or chromosomal disorders. Identification of these disorders has important implications for prevention and treatment as well as allowing identification of other family members at risk. These disorders include inborn errors of metabolism such as Fabry disease, homocystinuria, Menkes disease and the mitochondrial disorders, as well as the genetic disorders leading to early atherosclerosis including the hyperlipidemias and Tangier disease. Collagen vascular disorders such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV, Marfan syndrome, Loeys-Dietz syndrome, and pseudoxanthoma elasticum can increase the risk of arterial dissection. Moyamoya syndrome, a severe cerebrovascular disorder, has been described in a variety of monogenic and chromosomal disorders including sickle cell anemia, neurofibromatosis type I, and also Down and Williams syndrome. Small vessel vasculopathies include CADASIL, CARASIL, and mutations in the COL4A1 gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRosenberg's Molecular and Genetic Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disease: Fifth Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages1211-1222
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9780124105294, 9780124105492
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 13 2014

Keywords

  • CADASIL
  • CARASIL
  • COL4A1
  • Fabry disease
  • Homocystinuria
  • Loeys-Dietz Syndrome
  • Menkes disease
  • Moyamoya
  • Pseudoxanthoma elasticum
  • Tangier disease
  • Vasculopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Dowling, M. M. (2014). Cerebral Vasculopathies. In Rosenberg's Molecular and Genetic Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disease: Fifth Edition (pp. 1211-1222). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-410529-4.00100-5