Cervix

Mala Mahendroo, Shanmugasundaram Nallasamy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The cervix is an important component of the female reproductive tract located at the base of the uterus. While there are structural differences between species, the cervix has a common function to aide in fertilization, provide protection to the upper reproductive tract and to undergo a well-orchestrated remodeling process during pregnancy and parturition to allow for safe passage of a term fetus. These processes are regulated in part by the steroid hormones progesterone, estrogen and relaxin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Reproduction
PublisherElsevier
Pages339-346
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780128151457
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Cervical mucus
  • Cervical mucus plug
  • Cervical remodeling
  • Cervix
  • Endocervix
  • Epithelium
  • Estrogen
  • Exocervix
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Progesterone
  • Relaxin
  • Stroma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Mahendroo, M., & Nallasamy, S. (2018). Cervix. In Encyclopedia of Reproduction (pp. 339-346). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-801238-3.64404-5