Challenges and outcomes in airway management outside the operating room

Mary Jarzebowski, Stephen Estime, Vincenzo Russotto, Kunal Karamchandani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of reviewAirway management outside the operating room poses unique challenges that every clinician should recognize. These include anatomic, physiologic, and logistic challenges, each of which can contribute to complications and lead to poor outcomes. Recognizing these challenges and highlighting known outcome data may better prepare the team, making this otherwise daunting procedure safer and potentially improving patient outcomes.Recent findingsNewer intubating techniques and devices have made navigating anatomic airway challenges easier. However, physiological challenges during emergency airway management remain a cause of poor patient outcomes. Hemodynamic collapse has been identified as the most common peri-intubation adverse event and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality associated with the procedure.SummaryEmergency airway management outside the operating room remains a high-risk procedure, associated with poor outcomes. Pre-intubation hemodynamic optimization may mitigate some of the risks, and future research should focus on identification of best strategies for hemodynamic optimization prior to and during this procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-114
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent opinion in anaesthesiology
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022

Keywords

  • emergency airway management
  • physiologically difficult airway
  • tracheal intubation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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