Characteristics of hospital admissions associated with implantable cardioverter defibrillator placement among adults with congenital heart disease

Shankar Baskar, Gruschen R. Veldtman, Philip R. Khoury, Alexander R. Opotowsky, Ari M. Cedars

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Characteristics of hospitalizations including healthcare utilization for adult patients with congenital heart disease (ACHD) at the time of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) placement has not been well studied. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2002–2014 United States National Inpatient Sample (NIS). ICD implantation, CHD, complications, and indications for admissions were determined based on diagnostic codes among adults. Propensity score matching was performed, based on age, sex and in-hospital mortality index with a 10:1 ratio between adults without CHD and those with CHD, to determine relative healthcare utilization attributable to CHD. Results: ACHD accounted for 136,509 ± 3488 admissions of which 1451 ± 121 admissions (1.1 ± 0.06%) were associated with an ICD placement. ICD placement occurred most frequently among patients with TOF, VSD, and transposition complexes usually in the context of a dysrhythmia. Compared to those without CHD, ACHD patients had higher adjusted total hospital charges ($147,002 ± 5516 vs $132,455 ± 2182; p < 0.001), length of stay (6.2 ± 0.5 vs 5.2 ± 0.1 days; p < 0.001), lower readmission score (5.5 ± 0.5 vs 9.7 ± 0.1; p = 0.04) and a higher complication rate (13.4% vs 8.3%; p < 0.001). Dysrhythmias were more frequently the primary diagnosis for admission in the ACHD cohort (63% vs 38%; p < 0.001). Conclusion: Compared to a matched non-CHD population, ACHD patients had greater healthcare utilization and had more frequent complications. The reasons underlying this difference bear investigation to improve care quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-103
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume269
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2018

Keywords

  • Adult congenital heart disease
  • Complications
  • Healthcare utilization
  • Hospital admissions
  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • Outcome data analysis
  • Propensity score matching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Characteristics of hospital admissions associated with implantable cardioverter defibrillator placement among adults with congenital heart disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this