CHARACTERIZATION OF HYPOTHALAMIC SUBCELLULAR PARTICLES CONTAINING LUTEINIZING HORMONE RELEASING HORMONE AND THYROTROPIN RELEASING HORMONE

A. Barnea, N. Ben Jonathan, J. C. Porter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract— The 900 g supernatant fluid prepared from male rat hypothalamic homogenates was fractionated by means of continuous sucrose density gradient centrifugation. Thyrotropin releasing hormone and luteinizing hormone releasing hormone in the gradient fractions were quantified by radioimmunoassays. TRH was associated with two populations of particles separable by means of nonequilibrium density centrifugation (100,000 g for 30min). However, after‘equilibrium’centrifugation (100,000 × g for 180 min), a single peak of TRH was observed at 1.07 M‐sucrose. Hypo‐osmotic shock as well as treatment with 0.1% Triton X‐100 or 0.1% deoxycholate (DOC) released TRH from both sets of particles. LRH, as TRH, was associated with two populations of particles which were separable by means of nonequilibrium density gradient centrifugation. After‘equilibrium’centrifugation, both sets of LRH‐containing particles banded at 1.27M‐sucrose as a single symmetrical peak. Although 0.1% Triton X‐100 released LRH from both populations of particles, hypo‐osmotic shock or 0.1% DOC released LRH only from the large LRH‐containing particles. The small LRH‐containing particles were resistant to hypo‐osmotic shock and to 0.1% DOC. Based on these criteria, it is concluded that in hypothalamic homogenates the TRH‐containing particles and the large LRH‐containing particles are synaptosomes. The small LRH‐containing particles may be of different cellular and/or subcellular origin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-484
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1976

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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