Characterization of primary and restenotic atherosclerotic plaque from the superficial femoral artery: Potential role of Smad3 in regulation of SMC proliferation

Rachel S. Edlin, Shirling Tsai, Dai Yamanouchi, Chunjie Wang, Bo Liu, K. Craig Kent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To characterize and compare primary and restenotic lesions of the superficial femoral artery and analyze the contribution of TGF-β/Smad3 signaling to the pathophysiology of peripheral artery occlusive disease. Methods and Results: Immunohistochemical studies were performed on specimens retrieved from the superficial femoral artery of patients undergoing either atherectomy for primary atherosclerotic or recurrent disease after stenting and/or prior angioplasty. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a significantly higher smooth muscle cell (SMC) content (α-actin+) and expression of Smad3 in restenotic lesions while primary lesions contained significantly more leukocytes (CD45+) and macrophages (CD68+). Further studies demonstrated colocalization of Smad3 with α-actin and PCNA, suggesting a role for Smad3 in the proliferation observed in restenotic lesions. To confirm a role for Smad3 in SMC proliferation, we both upregulated Smad3 via adenoviral mediated gene transfer (AdSmad3) and inhibited Smad3 through transfection with siRNA in human aortic SMCs, then assessed cell proliferation with tritiated thymidine. Overexpression of Smad3 enhanced whereas inhibition of Smad3 decreased cell proliferation. Conclusion: Differences in cellular composition and cell proliferation in conjunction with the finding that Smad3 is expressed exclusively in restenotic disease suggest that TGF-β, through Smad3 signaling, may play an essential role in SMC proliferation and the pathophysiology of restenosis in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1289-1295
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of vascular surgery
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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