Severe burn causes a pronounced hypermetabolic response characterized by catabolism and extensive protein wasting. We recently found that this hypermetabolic state is driven by a severe inflammatory response. We characterized in detail the kinetics of serum levels of a panel of cytokines in a rat model, which may serve as reference for the development of therapeutic interventions applicable to humans. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 8) received a full-thickness burn of 60% total body surface area. Serum was harvested 1, 3, 6, 12, 24, 48, 96, and 168 h after burn. Eight serum cytokines commonly used to assess the inflammatory response in humans, such as IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, TNF, vascular endothelial growth factor, and monocyte chemotactic protein 1, and the rat-specific cytokines cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC) 1, CINC-2, and CINC-3 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique and were compared with controls (n = 4). Statistical analysis was conducted using the t test, with P < 0.05 considered as significantly different. Thermal injury resulted in significantly increased serum levels of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, monocyte chemotactic protein 1, CINC-1, CINC-2, and CINC-3 when compared with the concentrations detected in nonburned rats (P < 0.05). Serum levels of TNF-α and vascular endothelial growth factor in burned rats were not found to be significantly different to controls. Burn causes a profound inflammatory response in rats. Specific cytokines known to increase in humans postburn such as IL-1 β, IL-6, IL-10, MCP-1, and IL-8 (CINC-1, CINC-2, and CINC-3 in the rat) were also observed in our rat burn model, which now allows us to study new anti-inflammatory treatment options.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine