gCap39 is an actin filament end-capping protein which has a threefold repeated domain structure similar to the N-terminal half of gelsolin. However, unlike gelsolin, gCap39 does not sever actin filaments and dissociates completely from filament ends after calcium removal. We have capitalized on these differences to explore the structural basis for actin filament capping, severing, and their regulation. Using truncated gCap39, generated by limited proteolysis or deletion mutagenesis, we found that actin filament capping requires multiple gCap domains, and almost the entire molecule is necessary for optimal activity. gCap39 domain I, like the equivalent domain in gelsolin, contains an actin monomer binding site. gCap39 domains II-III are, however, different from gelsolin in that they do not bind to the side of actin filaments. Since filament side binding is hypothesized to be the first step in severing, lack of side binding may explain why gCap39 does not sever. This is confirmed directly by swapping gCap39 domains II-III for the side-binding gelsolin domains to generate a chimera which severs actin filaments. The chimera is Ca2+ independent in actin filament severing and capping, although gCap39 domain I itself is regulated by Ca2+.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology