Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains a serious life-threatening event. Despite coronary revascularization, patients might still suffer from poor outcomes caused by myocardial no-reflow and ischemic/reperfusion injury. Tongxinluo (TXL), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been preliminarily demonstrated to reduce myocardial no-reflow and ischemic/reperfusion injury. We further hypothesize that TXL treatment is also effective in reducing clinical end points for the patients with STEMI. Methods and results: The CTS-AMI trial is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical study in China. An estimated 3,796 eligible patients with STEMI from about 120 centers are randomized 1:1 ratio to TXL or placebo groups. All enrolled patients are orally administrated a loading dose of 8 capsules of TXL or placebo together with dual antiplatelet agents on admission followed by 4 capsules 3 times a day until 12 months. The primary end point is 30-day major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, a composite of cardiac death, myocardial reinfarction, emergency coronary revascularization, and stroke. Secondary end points include each component of the primary end point, 1-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, and other efficacy and safety parameters. Conclusions: Results of CTS-AMI trial will determine the clinical efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine TXL capsule in the treatment of STEMI patients in the reperfusion era.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine