Chitosan-silver nanoparticles as an approach to control bacterial proliferation, spores and antibiotic-resistant bacteria

B. Alfaro-González, D. Ulate, R. Alvarado, O. Arguëllo-Miranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanoparticulate silver inhibits bacterial growth. Here we evaluated the antimicrobial properties of a novel form of silver nanoparticles, synthesized by a sonochemical method with chitosan as reducing and stabilizing agent (chitosan-silver nanoparticles). The chitosan-silver nanoparticles were positively charged and stable in the long-term, as determined by the high Z-potential. The minimum inhibitory concentration for vegetative bacteria and spores was measured with a resazurin microtiter assay. The interaction between nanoparticles and the bacterial surface was observed by atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. We found that chitosan-silver nanoparticles inhibited vegetative bacteria and bacterial spores. Furthermore, chitosan-silver nanoparticles enhanced the performance of ampicillin against bacteria and were also effective against an ampicillin-resistant strain. Atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy images revealed a close interaction between the nanoparticles and bacterial extracellular structures, such as flagella. We suggest that chitosan-silver nanoparticles could be used as a topical antimicrobial that can enhance antibiotic performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number035011
JournalBiomedical Physics and Engineering Express
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 9 2018

Keywords

  • AFM
  • antibiotic resistance
  • chitosan-silver nanoparticles
  • flagella
  • sonochemical synthesis
  • TEM,REMA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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