The lipid environment of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and its possible association with so-called lipid rafts may be relevant to its function. The aim of our study was to confirm the association of ENaC with lipid rafts and to analyze the effect of cholesterol depletion of the plasma membrane by methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD) on channel function and regulation. Using sucrose density gradient centrifugation we demonstrated that a significant portion of ENaC protein distributes to low density fractions thought to be typical lipid raft fractions. Importantly, cholesterol depletion of cell lysate by MβCD shifted ENaC to non-raft fractions of higher density. Live cell imaging demonstrated that treatment with MβCD largely reduced filipin staining over time, confirming cholesterol depletion of the plasma membrane. For electrophysiological studies intact oocytes were exposed to 20 mM MβCD for three hours. MβCD treatment had no consistent effect on baseline whole-cell ENaC currents. In addition to the typical single channel conductance of about 5 pS, subconductance states of ENaC were occasionally observed in patches from MβCD treated but not from control oocytes. Importantly, in outside-out patch clamp recordings the stimulatory effect of recombinant SGK1 in the pipette solution was essentially abolished in oocytes pretreated with MβCD. These results indicate that ENaC activation by cytosolic SGK1 is compromised by removing cholesterol from the plasma membrane. Thus, ENaC activation by SGK1 may require the presence of an intact lipid environment and/or of lipid rafts as signalling platform.
- Epithelial sodium channel (ENaC)
- Lipid raft
- Serum-and glucocorticoid-induced kinase isoform 1
- Xenopus laevis oocytes
ASJC Scopus subject areas