Churches as targets for cardiovascular disease prevention: Comparison of genes, nutrition, exercise, wellness and spiritual growth (GoodNEWS) and Dallas County populations

Tiffany M. Powell-Wiley, Kamakki Banks-Richard, Elicia Williams-King, Liyue Tong, Colby R. Ayers, James A de Lemos, Nora E Gimpel, Jenny J. Lee, Mark J. Dehaven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BackgroundWe compared cardiovascular (CV) risk factors (CVRFs) of community-based participatory research (CBPR) participants with the community population to better understand how CBPR participants relate to the population as a whole.MethodsGoodNEWS participants in 20 African-American churches in Dallas, Texas were compared with age/sex-matched African-Americans in the Dallas Heart Study (DHS), a probability-based sample of Dallas County residents. DHS characteristics were sample-weight adjusted to represent the Dallas County population.ResultsDespite having more education (college education: 75 versus 51%, P< 0.0001), GoodNEWS participants were more obese (mean body mass index: 34 versus 31 kg/m2, P< 0.001) and had more diabetes (23 versus 12%, P< 0.001) and hyperlipidemia (53 versus 14%, P< 0.001) compared with African-Americans in Dallas County. GoodNEWS participants had higher rates of treatment and control of most CVRFs (treated hyperlipidemia: 95 versus 64%, P< 0.001; controlled diabetes: 95 versus 21%, P< 0.001; controlled hypertension: 70 versus 52%, P= 0.003), were more physically active (233 versus 177 metabolic equivalent units-min/week, P< 0.0001) and less likely to smoke (10 versus 30%, P< 0.001).ConclusionsCompared with African-Americans in Dallas County, CBPR participants in church congregations were more educated, physically active and had more treatment and control of most CVRFs. Surprisingly, this motivated population had a greater obesity burden, identifying them as a prime target for CBPR-focused obesity treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-106
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Public Health (United Kingdom)
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013

Fingerprint

Community-Based Participatory Research
African Americans
Cardiovascular Diseases
Exercise
Growth
Hyperlipidemias
Population
Genes
Obesity
Metabolic Equivalent
Education
Sampling Studies
Smoke
Body Mass Index
Therapeutics
Hypertension
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • African-Americans
  • cardiovascular risk factors
  • community-based participatory research
  • obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Churches as targets for cardiovascular disease prevention : Comparison of genes, nutrition, exercise, wellness and spiritual growth (GoodNEWS) and Dallas County populations. / Powell-Wiley, Tiffany M.; Banks-Richard, Kamakki; Williams-King, Elicia; Tong, Liyue; Ayers, Colby R.; de Lemos, James A; Gimpel, Nora E; Lee, Jenny J.; Dehaven, Mark J.

In: Journal of Public Health (United Kingdom), Vol. 35, No. 1, 03.2013, p. 99-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Powell-Wiley, Tiffany M. ; Banks-Richard, Kamakki ; Williams-King, Elicia ; Tong, Liyue ; Ayers, Colby R. ; de Lemos, James A ; Gimpel, Nora E ; Lee, Jenny J. ; Dehaven, Mark J. / Churches as targets for cardiovascular disease prevention : Comparison of genes, nutrition, exercise, wellness and spiritual growth (GoodNEWS) and Dallas County populations. In: Journal of Public Health (United Kingdom). 2013 ; Vol. 35, No. 1. pp. 99-106.
@article{a1b2a1b992b243d0ad0b6bf4a7cbe8d8,
title = "Churches as targets for cardiovascular disease prevention: Comparison of genes, nutrition, exercise, wellness and spiritual growth (GoodNEWS) and Dallas County populations",
abstract = "BackgroundWe compared cardiovascular (CV) risk factors (CVRFs) of community-based participatory research (CBPR) participants with the community population to better understand how CBPR participants relate to the population as a whole.MethodsGoodNEWS participants in 20 African-American churches in Dallas, Texas were compared with age/sex-matched African-Americans in the Dallas Heart Study (DHS), a probability-based sample of Dallas County residents. DHS characteristics were sample-weight adjusted to represent the Dallas County population.ResultsDespite having more education (college education: 75 versus 51{\%}, P< 0.0001), GoodNEWS participants were more obese (mean body mass index: 34 versus 31 kg/m2, P< 0.001) and had more diabetes (23 versus 12{\%}, P< 0.001) and hyperlipidemia (53 versus 14{\%}, P< 0.001) compared with African-Americans in Dallas County. GoodNEWS participants had higher rates of treatment and control of most CVRFs (treated hyperlipidemia: 95 versus 64{\%}, P< 0.001; controlled diabetes: 95 versus 21{\%}, P< 0.001; controlled hypertension: 70 versus 52{\%}, P= 0.003), were more physically active (233 versus 177 metabolic equivalent units-min/week, P< 0.0001) and less likely to smoke (10 versus 30{\%}, P< 0.001).ConclusionsCompared with African-Americans in Dallas County, CBPR participants in church congregations were more educated, physically active and had more treatment and control of most CVRFs. Surprisingly, this motivated population had a greater obesity burden, identifying them as a prime target for CBPR-focused obesity treatment.",
keywords = "African-Americans, cardiovascular risk factors, community-based participatory research, obesity",
author = "Powell-Wiley, {Tiffany M.} and Kamakki Banks-Richard and Elicia Williams-King and Liyue Tong and Ayers, {Colby R.} and {de Lemos}, {James A} and Gimpel, {Nora E} and Lee, {Jenny J.} and Dehaven, {Mark J.}",
year = "2013",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1093/pubmed/fds060",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "99--106",
journal = "Journal of Public Health",
issn = "1741-3842",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Churches as targets for cardiovascular disease prevention

T2 - Comparison of genes, nutrition, exercise, wellness and spiritual growth (GoodNEWS) and Dallas County populations

AU - Powell-Wiley, Tiffany M.

AU - Banks-Richard, Kamakki

AU - Williams-King, Elicia

AU - Tong, Liyue

AU - Ayers, Colby R.

AU - de Lemos, James A

AU - Gimpel, Nora E

AU - Lee, Jenny J.

AU - Dehaven, Mark J.

PY - 2013/3

Y1 - 2013/3

N2 - BackgroundWe compared cardiovascular (CV) risk factors (CVRFs) of community-based participatory research (CBPR) participants with the community population to better understand how CBPR participants relate to the population as a whole.MethodsGoodNEWS participants in 20 African-American churches in Dallas, Texas were compared with age/sex-matched African-Americans in the Dallas Heart Study (DHS), a probability-based sample of Dallas County residents. DHS characteristics were sample-weight adjusted to represent the Dallas County population.ResultsDespite having more education (college education: 75 versus 51%, P< 0.0001), GoodNEWS participants were more obese (mean body mass index: 34 versus 31 kg/m2, P< 0.001) and had more diabetes (23 versus 12%, P< 0.001) and hyperlipidemia (53 versus 14%, P< 0.001) compared with African-Americans in Dallas County. GoodNEWS participants had higher rates of treatment and control of most CVRFs (treated hyperlipidemia: 95 versus 64%, P< 0.001; controlled diabetes: 95 versus 21%, P< 0.001; controlled hypertension: 70 versus 52%, P= 0.003), were more physically active (233 versus 177 metabolic equivalent units-min/week, P< 0.0001) and less likely to smoke (10 versus 30%, P< 0.001).ConclusionsCompared with African-Americans in Dallas County, CBPR participants in church congregations were more educated, physically active and had more treatment and control of most CVRFs. Surprisingly, this motivated population had a greater obesity burden, identifying them as a prime target for CBPR-focused obesity treatment.

AB - BackgroundWe compared cardiovascular (CV) risk factors (CVRFs) of community-based participatory research (CBPR) participants with the community population to better understand how CBPR participants relate to the population as a whole.MethodsGoodNEWS participants in 20 African-American churches in Dallas, Texas were compared with age/sex-matched African-Americans in the Dallas Heart Study (DHS), a probability-based sample of Dallas County residents. DHS characteristics were sample-weight adjusted to represent the Dallas County population.ResultsDespite having more education (college education: 75 versus 51%, P< 0.0001), GoodNEWS participants were more obese (mean body mass index: 34 versus 31 kg/m2, P< 0.001) and had more diabetes (23 versus 12%, P< 0.001) and hyperlipidemia (53 versus 14%, P< 0.001) compared with African-Americans in Dallas County. GoodNEWS participants had higher rates of treatment and control of most CVRFs (treated hyperlipidemia: 95 versus 64%, P< 0.001; controlled diabetes: 95 versus 21%, P< 0.001; controlled hypertension: 70 versus 52%, P= 0.003), were more physically active (233 versus 177 metabolic equivalent units-min/week, P< 0.0001) and less likely to smoke (10 versus 30%, P< 0.001).ConclusionsCompared with African-Americans in Dallas County, CBPR participants in church congregations were more educated, physically active and had more treatment and control of most CVRFs. Surprisingly, this motivated population had a greater obesity burden, identifying them as a prime target for CBPR-focused obesity treatment.

KW - African-Americans

KW - cardiovascular risk factors

KW - community-based participatory research

KW - obesity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84874767419&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84874767419&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/pubmed/fds060

DO - 10.1093/pubmed/fds060

M3 - Article

C2 - 22811446

AN - SCOPUS:84874767419

VL - 35

SP - 99

EP - 106

JO - Journal of Public Health

JF - Journal of Public Health

SN - 1741-3842

IS - 1

ER -