Peripheral lymph nodes (PLN) are critical for immunologic memory formation in response to antigens that penetrate the skin. Blood-borne lymphocytes first encounter such antigens after they home to PLN through a multi-step adhesion process that is normally initiated by L-selectin (CD62L) in high endothelial venules (HEV). Since naive T cells can not enter PLN normally in L-selectin-deficient mice, a delayed type hypersensitivity response to cutaneously applied antigen cannot be mounted. In this study, we report that the administration of activated platelets into the systemic circulation of L-selectin knockout mice restores lymphocyte trafficking to PLN, and reconstitutes T cell-mediated immunity in response to a cutaneous antigen. These effects required platelet-expressed P-selectin that allows activated platelets to transiently form a bridge between lymphocytes and HEV, thereby enabling lymphocytes to undergo subsequent β2 integrin-dependent firm adhesion. These profound effects of platelet-mediated cell-cell interactions on lymphocyte trafficking and formation of immunologic memory may impact on a variety of autoimmune and inflammatory conditions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy