Cisplatin (CP)-induced nephrotoxicity is widely accepted as a model for acute kidney injury (AKI). Although cisplatin-induced chronic kidney disease (CKD) in rodent has been reported, the role of phosphate in the cisplatin-induced CKD progression is not described. In this study, we gave a single peritoneal injection of CP followed by high (2%) phosphate diet for 20 weeks. High dose CP (20 mg/Kg) led to high mortality; whereas a lower dose (10 mg/Kg) resulted in a full spectrum of AKI with tubular necrosis, azotemia, and 0% mortality 7 days after CP injection. After consuming a high phosphate diet, mice developed CKD characterized by low creatinine clearance, interstitial fibrosis, hyperphosphatemia, high plasma PTH and FGF23, low plasma 1,25(OH)2 Vitamin D3 and αKlotho, and classic uremic cardiovasculopathy. The CP model was robust in demonstrating the effect of aging, sexual dimorphism, and dietary phosphate on AKI and also AKI-to-CKD progression. Finally, we used the CP-high phosphate model to examine previously validated methods of genetically manipulated high αKlotho and therapy using exogenous soluble αKlotho protein supplementation. In this CP CKD model, αKlotho mitigated CKD progression, improved mineral homeostasis, and ameliorated cardiovascular disease. Taken together, CP and high phosphate nephrotoxicity is a reproducible and technically very simple model for the study of AKI, AKI-to-CKD progression, extrarenal complications of CKD, and for evaluation of therapeutic efficacy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology