Classification of brain tumor isocitrate dehydrogenase status using MRI and deep learning

Sahil Nalawade, Gowtham K. Murugesan, Maryam Vejdani-Jahromi, Ryan A. Fisicaro, Chandan G. Bangalore Yogananda, Ben Wagner, Bruce Mickey, Elizabeth Maher, Marco C. Pinho, Baowei Fei, Ananth J. Madhuranthakam, Joseph A. Maldjian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutation status is an important marker in glioma diagnosis and therapy. We propose an automated pipeline for noninvasively predicting IDH status using deep learning and T2-weighted (T2w) magnetic resonance (MR) images with minimal preprocessing (N4 bias correction and normalization to zero mean and unit variance). T2w MR images and genomic data were obtained from The Cancer Imaging Archive dataset for 260 subjects (120 high-grade and 140 low-grade gliomas). A fully automated two-dimensional densely connected model was trained to classify IDH mutation status on 208 subjects and tested on another held-out set of 52 subjects using fivefold cross validation. Data leakage was avoided by ensuring subject separation during the slice-wise randomization. Mean classification accuracy of 90.5% was achieved for each axial slice in predicting the three classes of no tumor, IDH mutated, and IDH wild type. Test accuracy of 83.8% was achieved in predicting IDH mutation status for individual subjects on the test dataset of 52 subjects. We demonstrate a deep learning method to predict IDH mutation status using T2w MRI alone. Radiologic imaging studies using deep learning methods must address data leakage (subject duplication) in the randomization process to avoid upward bias in the reported classification accuracy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number046003
JournalJournal of Medical Imaging
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

Keywords

  • convolutional neural network
  • deep learning
  • isocitrate dehydrogenase
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • segmentation
  • tumor classification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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