Although penicillin resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae strains is increasing in many areas, resistance to clindamycin remains low. In our well- characterized rabbit meningitis model, we conducted experiments to evaluate the bacteriologic efficacy of clindamycin after a penicillin, and cephalosporin-resistant S. pneumoniae strain was intracisternally inoculated. Animals received a loading intravenous dose of 30 mg of clindamycin per kg of body weight and then two doses of 20 mg/kg given 5 h apart. In addition to clindamycin, some animals received dexamethasone (DXM) with or without ceftriaxone. The concentrations of clindamycin in cerebrospinal fluid were from 8.9 to 12.8% of the concomitant concentrations in serum and were unaffected by DXM administration. Mean changes in CFU (log10 per milliliter) at 10 and 24 h were -3.7 and -6.1, respectively, for clindamycin- treated rabbits, -3.6 and -6.3 for clindamycin-DXM-treated rabbits, -3.9 and -5.8, respectively, for clindamycin-ceftriaxone-treated rabbits, and -5.0 and -6.7, respectively, for clindamycin-ceftriaxone-DXM-treated rabbits. By 24 h all but one of the cultures of cerebrospinal fluid (that from a clindamycin- DXM-treated rabbit) were sterile. Because of the potential risk fur clindamycin-treated rabbits to develop macrolide-licosamide resistance, we attempted, unsuccessfully, to induce clindamycin resistance in vitro in two S. pneumoniae strains. Although clindamycin therapy might be effective in selected patients with multiple-drug-resistant pneumococcal meningitis who have failed conventional treatments, clinical experience is necessary before it can be recommended.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases