An outbreak of rask-like illness compatible with rubella occurred among the student population of a large university in Los Angeles between November 1, 1981 and January 31, 1982. A case-control study was conducted in order to estimate the effectiveness of rubella vaccine in preventing clinical rubella in this university population. Immunization and disease histories were obtained from parents and physicians for 39 cases and 86 controls. For those students with a clear documentation of immunization history, only one of 16 cases (6%) had evidence of prior rubella immunization, compared with 40 of 56 controls (71%). This yielded an estimated vaccine effectiveness of 97% (95% confidence limits of 82% to 100%). The level of protection observed for students immunized with rubella vaccine in our study population was high and comparable to that reported in other recent studies. This supports the notion that the current large reservoir of young adult susceptibles is primarily attributable to past failures to vaccinate school-age children, rather than vaccine failures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases