Clinical impact of early CT scans after lateral skull-base surgery

Zi Yang Jiang, Kyle Allen, J. Walter Kutz, Brandon Isaacson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To determine the frequency and clinical significance of abnormalities on postoperative computerized tomography (CT) scans performed within 24 hours after lateral skull base surgery. Study Design. Case series with chart review. Setting. Inpatient tertiary care hospital. Methods. Adult patients undergoing lateral skull base surgery were identified using CPT code search from January 2010 to January 2013. Patient demographics, type of skull base lesion, surgical approach, length of operation, time between end of the surgery and CT scan, CT scan findings, and patients' postsurgical neurologic status were collected. Results. One hundred and seventy-two patients were identified who had a postoperative CT scan after lateral skull base surgery. Diagnoses included schwannoma (95), cerebrospinal fluid fistula (29), middle fossa encephaloceles (9), meningioma (13), superior semicircular canal dehiscence (12), and other disease processes (14). The approaches were middle fossa (64), translabyrinthine (70), suboccipital (17), infratemporal (8), and combined/other (13). Mild pneumocephalus was almost always found, along with mild extraaxial blood. Twenty-four patients had significant mass effect found on CT scan, but this was present preoperatively. Three patients had a mild subdural without neurological decline. No patient suffered any clinically significant neurological decline, although 5 patients reported finger numbness that resolved spontaneously and 2 patients had confusion in the immediate postoperative period. Conclusion. Clinically significant abnormalities on immediate postoperative CT scans were rare, as were cases of neurological decline. Further prospective studies could determine a more cost-effective algorithm for routine use of postoperative imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)786-788
Number of pages3
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Volume149
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • CT scan
  • lateral skull base surgery
  • postoperative care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery

Cite this