Clinical Implications of Psychosocial Factors on Pediatric External Fixation Treatment and Recommendations

Heather M. Richard, Dylan C. Nguyen, John G. Birch, Sandy D. Roland, Mikhail K. Samchukov, Alex M. Cherkashin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Pediatric limb reconstruction using circular external fixation is a prolonged treatment that interrupts patients’ daily function. Patient personality characteristics and expectations may interfere with planned treatment, making complicated medical procedures more challenging. The aims of this study are to identify factors impacting treatment outcome and recommendations for preoperative evaluation and planning. Questions/purposes: (1) Are there group differences between patients with and without a preexisting mental health condition(s) in terms of unplanned reoperations? (2) Does the number of surgical procedures before current external fixator placement correlate with the number of unplanned readmissions, unplanned reoperations, and days spent in circular external fixation? (3) Are there group differences between single- compared with two-parent households in terms of inpatient narcotic doses, length of inpatient stay, number of unplanned readmissions, length of readmission(s), and/or unplanned outpatient clinic visits? (4) Does patient age at the time of surgery have an impact on treatment duration, postoperative complications, and treatment outcome? Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of pediatric patients who underwent limb reconstruction between 2008 and 2012. Patients with limb length discrepancy > 4 cm or severe angular deformity and who agreed to intervention were treated with circular external fixation. Sixty-seven patients were included; 16 patients were excluded. Statistical analyses included Pearson r correlation and t-test. Results: Patients who reported preexisting mental health diagnosis (13%) had more unplanned reoperations than patients who did not (no mental health diagnosis; 87%) (mental health diagnosis 3.4 ± 10.3 versus no mental health diagnosis 0.2 ± 0.5 reoperation[s], p = 0.022). Number of previous surgical procedures correlated with number of unplanned reoperations (r = 0.448, p < 0.001), number of unplanned readmissions (r = 0.375, p < 0.001), and number of days in an apparatus (r = 0.275, p = 0.018). Compared with patients from two-parent households, patients from single-parent households received a greater number of inpatient narcotic doses (single-parent 129 ± 118 versus two-parent 73 ± 109 doses, p = 0.039), longer length of inpatient stay (single-parent 73 ± 63 versus two-parent 40 ± 65 days, p = 0.036), more unplanned readmissions (single-parent 0.4 ± 0.1 versus two-parent 0.2 ± 0.2 readmission, p = 0.024), longer hospitalization when readmitted (single-parent 5 ± 11 versus two-parent 1 ± 3 day(s), p = 0.025), and fewer unplanned outpatient visits (single-parent 0.2 ± 0.8 versus two-parent 0.9 ± 1.1 visit, p = 0.005). Apparatus applications with successful outcome had higher average age than those with poor outcome (successful outcome 16 ± 3 versus poor outcome 13 ± 4 years old, p = 0.011). Age at time of apparatus application correlated with number of prescribed antibiotics (r = 0.245, p = 0.036) and number of days in an apparatus (r = 0.233, p = 0.047). Conclusions: As a result of the inherent challenges of limb reconstruction, surgical candidates should be preoperatively assessed and mitigating psychosocial factors managed to maximize successful treatment outcome. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3154-3162
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
Volume473
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 13 2015

Fingerprint

Single Parent
Pediatrics
Psychology
Reoperation
Mental Health
Inpatients
Therapeutics
Extremities
Narcotics
Length of Stay
External Fixators
Ambulatory Care
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Personality
Hospitalization
Outpatients
Anti-Bacterial Agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Clinical Implications of Psychosocial Factors on Pediatric External Fixation Treatment and Recommendations. / Richard, Heather M.; Nguyen, Dylan C.; Birch, John G.; Roland, Sandy D.; Samchukov, Mikhail K.; Cherkashin, Alex M.

In: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, Vol. 473, No. 10, 13.10.2015, p. 3154-3162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0d9e188aa93549e9971d3a26588bec67,
title = "Clinical Implications of Psychosocial Factors on Pediatric External Fixation Treatment and Recommendations",
abstract = "Background: Pediatric limb reconstruction using circular external fixation is a prolonged treatment that interrupts patients’ daily function. Patient personality characteristics and expectations may interfere with planned treatment, making complicated medical procedures more challenging. The aims of this study are to identify factors impacting treatment outcome and recommendations for preoperative evaluation and planning. Questions/purposes: (1) Are there group differences between patients with and without a preexisting mental health condition(s) in terms of unplanned reoperations? (2) Does the number of surgical procedures before current external fixator placement correlate with the number of unplanned readmissions, unplanned reoperations, and days spent in circular external fixation? (3) Are there group differences between single- compared with two-parent households in terms of inpatient narcotic doses, length of inpatient stay, number of unplanned readmissions, length of readmission(s), and/or unplanned outpatient clinic visits? (4) Does patient age at the time of surgery have an impact on treatment duration, postoperative complications, and treatment outcome? Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of pediatric patients who underwent limb reconstruction between 2008 and 2012. Patients with limb length discrepancy > 4 cm or severe angular deformity and who agreed to intervention were treated with circular external fixation. Sixty-seven patients were included; 16 patients were excluded. Statistical analyses included Pearson r correlation and t-test. Results: Patients who reported preexisting mental health diagnosis (13{\%}) had more unplanned reoperations than patients who did not (no mental health diagnosis; 87{\%}) (mental health diagnosis 3.4 ± 10.3 versus no mental health diagnosis 0.2 ± 0.5 reoperation[s], p = 0.022). Number of previous surgical procedures correlated with number of unplanned reoperations (r = 0.448, p < 0.001), number of unplanned readmissions (r = 0.375, p < 0.001), and number of days in an apparatus (r = 0.275, p = 0.018). Compared with patients from two-parent households, patients from single-parent households received a greater number of inpatient narcotic doses (single-parent 129 ± 118 versus two-parent 73 ± 109 doses, p = 0.039), longer length of inpatient stay (single-parent 73 ± 63 versus two-parent 40 ± 65 days, p = 0.036), more unplanned readmissions (single-parent 0.4 ± 0.1 versus two-parent 0.2 ± 0.2 readmission, p = 0.024), longer hospitalization when readmitted (single-parent 5 ± 11 versus two-parent 1 ± 3 day(s), p = 0.025), and fewer unplanned outpatient visits (single-parent 0.2 ± 0.8 versus two-parent 0.9 ± 1.1 visit, p = 0.005). Apparatus applications with successful outcome had higher average age than those with poor outcome (successful outcome 16 ± 3 versus poor outcome 13 ± 4 years old, p = 0.011). Age at time of apparatus application correlated with number of prescribed antibiotics (r = 0.245, p = 0.036) and number of days in an apparatus (r = 0.233, p = 0.047). Conclusions: As a result of the inherent challenges of limb reconstruction, surgical candidates should be preoperatively assessed and mitigating psychosocial factors managed to maximize successful treatment outcome. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study.",
author = "Richard, {Heather M.} and Nguyen, {Dylan C.} and Birch, {John G.} and Roland, {Sandy D.} and Samchukov, {Mikhail K.} and Cherkashin, {Alex M.}",
year = "2015",
month = "10",
day = "13",
doi = "10.1007/s11999-015-4276-z",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "473",
pages = "3154--3162",
journal = "Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research",
issn = "0009-921X",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Clinical Implications of Psychosocial Factors on Pediatric External Fixation Treatment and Recommendations

AU - Richard, Heather M.

AU - Nguyen, Dylan C.

AU - Birch, John G.

AU - Roland, Sandy D.

AU - Samchukov, Mikhail K.

AU - Cherkashin, Alex M.

PY - 2015/10/13

Y1 - 2015/10/13

N2 - Background: Pediatric limb reconstruction using circular external fixation is a prolonged treatment that interrupts patients’ daily function. Patient personality characteristics and expectations may interfere with planned treatment, making complicated medical procedures more challenging. The aims of this study are to identify factors impacting treatment outcome and recommendations for preoperative evaluation and planning. Questions/purposes: (1) Are there group differences between patients with and without a preexisting mental health condition(s) in terms of unplanned reoperations? (2) Does the number of surgical procedures before current external fixator placement correlate with the number of unplanned readmissions, unplanned reoperations, and days spent in circular external fixation? (3) Are there group differences between single- compared with two-parent households in terms of inpatient narcotic doses, length of inpatient stay, number of unplanned readmissions, length of readmission(s), and/or unplanned outpatient clinic visits? (4) Does patient age at the time of surgery have an impact on treatment duration, postoperative complications, and treatment outcome? Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of pediatric patients who underwent limb reconstruction between 2008 and 2012. Patients with limb length discrepancy > 4 cm or severe angular deformity and who agreed to intervention were treated with circular external fixation. Sixty-seven patients were included; 16 patients were excluded. Statistical analyses included Pearson r correlation and t-test. Results: Patients who reported preexisting mental health diagnosis (13%) had more unplanned reoperations than patients who did not (no mental health diagnosis; 87%) (mental health diagnosis 3.4 ± 10.3 versus no mental health diagnosis 0.2 ± 0.5 reoperation[s], p = 0.022). Number of previous surgical procedures correlated with number of unplanned reoperations (r = 0.448, p < 0.001), number of unplanned readmissions (r = 0.375, p < 0.001), and number of days in an apparatus (r = 0.275, p = 0.018). Compared with patients from two-parent households, patients from single-parent households received a greater number of inpatient narcotic doses (single-parent 129 ± 118 versus two-parent 73 ± 109 doses, p = 0.039), longer length of inpatient stay (single-parent 73 ± 63 versus two-parent 40 ± 65 days, p = 0.036), more unplanned readmissions (single-parent 0.4 ± 0.1 versus two-parent 0.2 ± 0.2 readmission, p = 0.024), longer hospitalization when readmitted (single-parent 5 ± 11 versus two-parent 1 ± 3 day(s), p = 0.025), and fewer unplanned outpatient visits (single-parent 0.2 ± 0.8 versus two-parent 0.9 ± 1.1 visit, p = 0.005). Apparatus applications with successful outcome had higher average age than those with poor outcome (successful outcome 16 ± 3 versus poor outcome 13 ± 4 years old, p = 0.011). Age at time of apparatus application correlated with number of prescribed antibiotics (r = 0.245, p = 0.036) and number of days in an apparatus (r = 0.233, p = 0.047). Conclusions: As a result of the inherent challenges of limb reconstruction, surgical candidates should be preoperatively assessed and mitigating psychosocial factors managed to maximize successful treatment outcome. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study.

AB - Background: Pediatric limb reconstruction using circular external fixation is a prolonged treatment that interrupts patients’ daily function. Patient personality characteristics and expectations may interfere with planned treatment, making complicated medical procedures more challenging. The aims of this study are to identify factors impacting treatment outcome and recommendations for preoperative evaluation and planning. Questions/purposes: (1) Are there group differences between patients with and without a preexisting mental health condition(s) in terms of unplanned reoperations? (2) Does the number of surgical procedures before current external fixator placement correlate with the number of unplanned readmissions, unplanned reoperations, and days spent in circular external fixation? (3) Are there group differences between single- compared with two-parent households in terms of inpatient narcotic doses, length of inpatient stay, number of unplanned readmissions, length of readmission(s), and/or unplanned outpatient clinic visits? (4) Does patient age at the time of surgery have an impact on treatment duration, postoperative complications, and treatment outcome? Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of pediatric patients who underwent limb reconstruction between 2008 and 2012. Patients with limb length discrepancy > 4 cm or severe angular deformity and who agreed to intervention were treated with circular external fixation. Sixty-seven patients were included; 16 patients were excluded. Statistical analyses included Pearson r correlation and t-test. Results: Patients who reported preexisting mental health diagnosis (13%) had more unplanned reoperations than patients who did not (no mental health diagnosis; 87%) (mental health diagnosis 3.4 ± 10.3 versus no mental health diagnosis 0.2 ± 0.5 reoperation[s], p = 0.022). Number of previous surgical procedures correlated with number of unplanned reoperations (r = 0.448, p < 0.001), number of unplanned readmissions (r = 0.375, p < 0.001), and number of days in an apparatus (r = 0.275, p = 0.018). Compared with patients from two-parent households, patients from single-parent households received a greater number of inpatient narcotic doses (single-parent 129 ± 118 versus two-parent 73 ± 109 doses, p = 0.039), longer length of inpatient stay (single-parent 73 ± 63 versus two-parent 40 ± 65 days, p = 0.036), more unplanned readmissions (single-parent 0.4 ± 0.1 versus two-parent 0.2 ± 0.2 readmission, p = 0.024), longer hospitalization when readmitted (single-parent 5 ± 11 versus two-parent 1 ± 3 day(s), p = 0.025), and fewer unplanned outpatient visits (single-parent 0.2 ± 0.8 versus two-parent 0.9 ± 1.1 visit, p = 0.005). Apparatus applications with successful outcome had higher average age than those with poor outcome (successful outcome 16 ± 3 versus poor outcome 13 ± 4 years old, p = 0.011). Age at time of apparatus application correlated with number of prescribed antibiotics (r = 0.245, p = 0.036) and number of days in an apparatus (r = 0.233, p = 0.047). Conclusions: As a result of the inherent challenges of limb reconstruction, surgical candidates should be preoperatively assessed and mitigating psychosocial factors managed to maximize successful treatment outcome. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84941315099&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84941315099&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11999-015-4276-z

DO - 10.1007/s11999-015-4276-z

M3 - Article

VL - 473

SP - 3154

EP - 3162

JO - Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

JF - Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

SN - 0009-921X

IS - 10

ER -