Purpose: To describe the clinical outcomes of a pharmacomechanical catheter-directed venous thrombolysis (PCDT) strategy that included AngioJet rheolytic thrombectomy. Methods: In the Acute Venous Thrombosis: Thrombus Removal with Adjunctive Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis multicenter randomized trial, physicians at 33 sites designated AngioJet as their preferred device for PCDT. In these sites, 364 patients with acute proximal lower-extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) were randomized to a strategy of PCDT that incorporated either AngioJet along with anticoagulation or anticoagulation alone. Relief from presenting DVT symptoms was evaluated over 30 days of follow-up. Postthrombotic syndrome (PTS), quality of life (QOL), recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE), and safety were evaluated over 24 months of follow-up. Results: Within 30 days, AngioJet-PCDT led to a greater improvement in leg swelling (mean difference calf circumference 0.55 cm, P = .009), venous QOL (mean difference 6.5 Venous Insufficiency Epidemiologic and Economic Study [VEINES]-QOL points, P = .0073), and venous symptoms (mean difference 5.6 VEINES-symptoms points, P = .0134) than control, with differences most apparent in iliofemoral DVT. AngioJet-PCDT reduced PTS at 6 months (24% with AngioJet-PCDT vs 40% with control, P = .003) but did not influence PTS or QOL between 12 and 24 months. Major bleeding, pulmonary embolism, renal failure, and bradycardia were infrequent with AngioJet-PCDT (<2% each), but 24-month VTE recurrence may have been more frequent (13.9% with AngioJet-PCDT vs 6.8% with control, P = .03) Conclusions: In patients with acute proximal DVT, a treatment strategy that included first-line AngioJet-PCDT was reasonably safe and led to an improved symptom status and venous QOL at 1 month and reduced PTS at 6 months compared with anticoagulation alone. However, AngioJet-PCDT did not influence PTS or the QOL beyond 6 months and may have increased recurrent VTE.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine