With the rapid increase in the number of organs transplanted worldwide and the improved survival of transplant recipients, osteoporosis has emerged as a frequent complication of the transplantation process. In the past decade, the wider recognition of transplantation-related osteoporosis has led to a decrease in the risk of fracture for the individual patient. Nonetheless, fracture rates remain unacceptably high in transplant recipients. This presentation reviews the epidemiology of transplantation-related osteoporosis, the factors contributing to the pathogenesis of this complication, and the evaluation, prevention, and treatment options available for kidney, liver, lung, and heart transplant recipients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical