Clinical update on COVID-19 for the emergency clinician: Cardiac arrest in the out-of-hospital and in-hospital settings

William J. Brady, Summer Chavez, Michael Gottlieb, Stephen Y. Liang, Brandon Carius, Alex Koyfman, Brit Long

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) has resulted in millions of cases worldwide. As the pandemic has progressed, the understanding of this disease has evolved. Its impact on the health and welfare of the human population is significant; its impact on the delivery of healthcare is also considerable. Objective: This article is another paper in a series addressing COVID-19-related updates to emergency clinicians on the management of COVID-19 patients with cardiac arrest. Discussion: COVID-19 has resulted in significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. From a global perspective, as of February 23, 2022, 435 million infections have been noted with 5.9 million deaths (1.4%). Current data suggest an increase in the occurrence of cardiac arrest, both in the outpatient and inpatient settings, with corresponding reductions in most survival metrics. The frequency of out-of-hospital lay provider initial care has decreased while non-shockable initial cardiac arrest rhythms have increased. While many interventions, including chest compressions, are aerosol-generating procedures, the risk of contagion to healthcare personnel is low, assuming appropriate personal protective equipment is used; vaccination with boosting provides further protection against contagion for the healthcare personnel involved in cardiac arrest resuscitation. The burden of the COVID-19 pandemic on the delivery of cardiac arrest care is considerable and, despite multiple efforts, has adversely impacted the chain of survival. Conclusion: This review provides a focused update of cardiac arrest in the setting of COVID-19 for emergency clinicians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-123
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume57
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Coronavirus-2019
  • COVID-19
  • COVID-19 infection
  • Resuscitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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