Co-administration of progabide inhibits haloperidol-induced oral dyskinesias in rats

Hiroyuki Kaneda, Osamu Shirakawa, James Dale, Leslie Goodman, Susan E. Bachus, Carol A. Tamminga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Vacuous chewing movements in rats may be an animal analogue of the human motor disorder, tardive dyskinesia. The movements are phenomenologically and pharmacologically similar to tardive dyskinesia. The pathophysiology of these involuntary oral movements, and perhaps of tardive dyskinesia, are likely to include both dopamine receptor changes, and alterations in GABA (γ-aminobutyric acid) system function. In an attempt to test the involvement of GAVA system dysfunction in these movements, we treated rats chronically with water alone, haloperidol alone, the GABA agonist progabide alone, and haloperidol plus progabide. Sprague-Dawley rats received haloperidol (1.5 mg/kg per day) in their drinking water and progabide (100 mg/kg per day) in their food for 12 months. After 12 months of treatment, haloperidol had induced vacuous chewing movements when administered alone, but the prevalence of the movements was decreased by 40% with the coadministration of progabide. Moreover, the haloperidol-progabide-treated animals did not merely demonstrate movement suppression but actual inhibition of movement onset, as determined by an additional progabide-withdrawal experiment. These data would suggest that progabide and perhaps other GABAmimetic compounds can prevent the development of tarkive dyskinesia in man.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-49
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 25 1992


  • Haloperidol (chronic)
  • Progabide
  • Tardive dyskinesia
  • Vacuous chewing movements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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