Objective: Recurrent aortic arch obstruction after the Norwood procedure continues to be a source of morbidity. We sought to determine if a modified interdigitating technique for aortic arch reconstruction during the Norwood procedure decreased recurrent arch obstruction. Methods: A total of 142 consecutive infants undergoing the Norwood procedure were divided into groups according to surgical technique: Group 1 (n = 79, January 1999 to May 2003) underwent arch reconstruction with complete coarctectomy followed by anastomosis of the descending aorta to the transverse arch. Group 2 (n = 63, June 2003 to September 2006) underwent complete coarctectomy plus a modified interdigitating technique. Catheterization before stage 2 palliation was reviewed for hemodynamics and angiographic arch dimensions, and a coarctation index was calculated. Results: Reintervention for recurrent coarctation occurred in 28% (22/79) of group 1 patients compared with 2% (1/63) of group 2 patients (P = .001). Aortic pressures, gradients, dimensions, and coarctation index were consistently more favorable for group 2. Conclusions: Coarctectomy plus an interdigitating arch anastomosis was superior to coarctectomy alone and resulted in a dramatically decreased incidence of recurrent arch obstruction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine