Cocaine abuse during pregnancy: Maternal and fetal implications

B. B. Little, L. M. Snell, V. R. Klein, L. C. Gilstrap

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

201 Scopus citations


Cocaine abuse during pregnancy has been reported to be associated with a variety of fetal complications and with preterm labor. In this cohort study, pregnancy outcome and health status of infants born to 53 cocaine abusers were compared with those of another group of 100 unexposed women and their infants. Significantly more (P < .05) pregnancies of abusers were associated with preterm labor. In addition, significantly more (P < .05) infants had complications at birth (ie, meconium, tachycardia). Infants born to cocaine abusers also had significantly lower (P < .05) birth weight than infants of controls, and an excess of congenital cardiac anomalies (P < .01).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-160
Number of pages4
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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