Cognitive dysfunction in cocaine abuse: Evidence for impairments in impulse control and decision-making

Laurie M. Rilling, Bryon Adinoff

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Cocaine is one of the most widely abused psychoactive substances in the United States, with an estimated 1.3 million Americans using the drug on a regular (at least monthly) basis. Even occasional cocaine use can result in serious medical complications, such as cardiac damage, vascular ischemia, respiratory failure, and persistent alterations in neural function. In this chapter, we will examine the most recent research on impulsivity and decision-making in cocaine use. First, we will present a brief overview of the cognitive processes affected by cocaine use. Next, we will review the relevant literature detailing the status of inhibitory control and decision-making in cocaine users, as well as their proposed neuroanatomical correlates. Finally, we will attempt to integrate these findings with the current view of cocaine addiction and relapse, with an emphasis on the role of impulsivity and decision-making in continued cocaine use despite the elevated risk of negative consequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMen and Addictions
Subtitle of host publicationNew Research
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages103-117
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9781606920985
StatePublished - Feb 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

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    Rilling, L. M., & Adinoff, B. (2009). Cognitive dysfunction in cocaine abuse: Evidence for impairments in impulse control and decision-making. In Men and Addictions: New Research (pp. 103-117). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..