Combination of mass spectrometry-based targeted lipidomics and supervised machine learning algorithms in detecting adulterated admixtures of white rice

Dong Kyu Lim, Nguyen Phuoc Long, Changyeun Mo, Ziyuan Dong, Lingmei Cui, Giyoung Kim, Sung Won Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mixing of extraneous ingredients with original products is a common adulteration practice in food and herbal medicines. In particular, authenticity of white rice and its corresponding blended products has become a key issue in food industry. Accordingly, our current study aimed to develop and evaluate a novel discrimination method by combining targeted lipidomics with powerful supervised learning methods, and eventually introduce a platform to verify the authenticity of white rice. A total of 30 cultivars were collected, and 330 representative samples of white rice from Korea and China as well as seven mixing ratios were examined. Random forests (RF), support vector machines (SVM) with a radial basis function kernel, C5.0, model averaged neural network, and k-nearest neighbor classifiers were used for the classification. We achieved desired results, and the classifiers effectively differentiated white rice from Korea to blended samples with high prediction accuracy for the contamination ratio as low as five percent. In addition, RF and SVM classifiers were generally superior to and more robust than the other techniques. Our approach demonstrated that the relative differences in lysoGPLs can be successfully utilized to detect the adulterated mixing of white rice originating from different countries. In conclusion, the present study introduces a novel and high-throughput platform that can be applied to authenticate adulterated admixtures from original white rice samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)814-821
Number of pages8
JournalFood Research International
Volume100
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • Adulteration
  • Discrimination
  • Lysophospholipids
  • Machine learning
  • Targeted lipidomics
  • White rice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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