Combination treatment with MEK and AKT inhibitors is more effective than each drug alone in human non- small cell lung cancer in vitro and in vivo

Jieru Meng, Bingbing Dai, Bingliang Fang, B. Nebiyou Bekele, William G. Bornmann, Duoli Sun, Zhenghong Peng, Roy S. Herbst, Vassiliki Papadimitrakopoulou, John D. Minna, Michael Peyton, Jack A. Roth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Scopus citations

Abstract

AZD6244 and MK2206 are targeted small-molecule drugs that inhibit MEK and AKT respectively. The efficacy of this combination in lung cancer is unknown. Our previous work showed the importance of activated AKT in mediating resistance of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to AZD6244. Thus we hypothesized that dual inhibition of both downstream MEK and AKT pathways would induce synergistic antitumor activity. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of AZD6244 and MK2206 individually on a large panel of lung cancer cell lines. Then, we treated 28 human lung cancer cell lines with a combination of AZD6244 and MK2206 at clinically applicable drug molar ratios. The AZD6244-MK2206 combination therapy resulted in a synergistic effect on inhibition of lung cancer cell growth compared to the results of single drug treatment alone. MK2206 enhanced AZD6244-induced Bim overexpression and apoptosis in A549 and H157 cells. When we tested the combination of AZD6244 and MK2206 at ratios of 8:1, 4:1, 2:1, and 1:8, we found that the synergistic effect of the combination therapy was ratio-dependent. At ratios of 8:1, 4:1, and 2:1, the drug combination consistently demonstrated synergy, whereas decreasing the ratio to 1:8 resulted in a loss of synergy and produced an additive or antagonistic effect in most cell lines. Furthermore, the AZD6244-MK2206 combination therapy showed synergy in the suppression of A549 and H157 xenograft tumor growth and increased mean animal survival time. The AZD6244- MK2206 combination therapy resulted in effective inhibition of both p-ERK and p-AKT expression in tumor tissue. In addition, a significant increase of apoptosis was detected in tumor tissue from mice treated with AZD6244-MK2206 compared with that from the single agent treated mice. Our study suggests that the combination of AZD6244 and MK2206 has a significant synergistic effect on tumor growth in vitro and in vivo and leads to increased survival rates in mice bearing highly aggressive human lung tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere14124
JournalPloS one
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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