Combined effects of the orally active cisplatin analog, JM216, and radiation in antitumor therapy

G. P. Amorino, P. J. Mohr, S. K. Hercules, H. Pyo, H. Choy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We evaluated the orally administered platinum agent, JM216, in combination with ionizing radiation both in vivo and in vitro against human tumor cells. Methods: H460 human lung carcinoma cells were used as a subcutaneous xenograft in nude mice. JM216 (30 mg/kg) was administered orally, and radiation treatments (2 Gy) were given 1 h after JM216 delivery for five consecutive days. For in vitro analysis, attached H460 cells were treated with JM216 (15 μM) for 1 h and then irradiated. Cells were rinsed 20 min later, and survival was determined by clonogenic assay. Results: Tumor growth delay measurements showed that the combination of JM216 and radiation was additive in vivo, with an enhancement ratio of 1.24. In vitro clonogenic survival experiments demonstrated a dose enhancement ratio of 1.23. Isobologram analysis showed that this interaction was also additive. Conclusions: These data demonstrate that the combination of JM216 and fractionated radiotherapy is more effective against human lung cancer xenografts than either agent alone, and the in vivo results were supported by those observed using an in vitro system with the same tumor cell line.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-426
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • Cisplatin
  • JM216
  • Lung cancer
  • Radiation
  • Radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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