Thirty-nine patients with cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL; including mycosis fungoides or the Sezary syndrome) with no previous treatment other than topical therapy or oral corticosteroids, received total skin electron beam irradiation (TSEB) and either sequential or simultaneous systemic chemotherapy. Median follow-up, measured from the time of initiation of therapy to the time of analysis, is in excess of 6 years and extends to 100+ months. Thirteen patients with stage I disease (limited to skin with no adenopathy) received 3,000 rad total skin electron beam irradiation followed by three 2-week courses of daily intravenous (IV) mechlorethamine. Twenty-six patients with advanced disease (stage II-IV) received 2,400 rad of TSEB and simultaneous chemotherapy with two alternating three-drug regimens: vinblastine, doxorubicin, and bleomycin (VAB) alternating with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and prednisone (CMP) administered over 54 weeks. The overall response rate was 92% with 16 of 39 patients (41%) achieving a histologically documented complete response (CR). Stage I patients had a significantly increased CR rate (77%) compared with stage II-IV (P < .01). The overall 6-year survival was 92% for stage I patients and 26% for stage II-IV patients (23%) (P < .001). Among ten completely responding stage I patients, six remain alive and disease-free in excess of 72 months. The median disease-free survival is 26 months for completely responding stage II-IV patients (P = .04), but none are continuous disease-free survivors after protocol treatment. We conclude that combined modality treatment can be safely administered and produces prolonged disease-free survival in some stage I patients, but not in more advanced stage patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research