Combined split anterior tibial-tendon transfer and intramuscular lengthening of the posterior tibial tendon: Results in patients who have a varus deformity of the foot due to spastic cerebral palsy

M. J. Barnes, J. A. Herring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Twenty patients who had a varus deformity of the foot secondary to spastic cerebral palsy had twenty-two operations involving combined split anterior tibial-tendon transfer and intramuscular lengthening of the posterior tibial tendon, with and without concomitant lengthening of the Achilles tendon. Preoperatively, all patients had had a dynamic varus deformity of the hindfoot and adduction of the forefoot in both the stance phase and the swing phase of gait. At an average follow-up of 6.2 years (range, 2.3 to 8.8 years), there were fourteen excellent, four good, and four poor clinical results. Two patients who had a fixed varus deformity of the hindfoot and one patient who had a very weak anterior tibial muscle had a poor result. We concluded that the combined procedure is effective for correction of a flexible varus deformity of the foot in patients who have spastic cerebral palsy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)734-738
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A
Volume73
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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